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Rwanda - P4H Network
Current Health Expenditure (CHE) as % Gross Domestic Product (GDP)7.3%CHE/GDP
Out-of-pocket (OOPS) as % of Current Health Expenditure (CHE)10.1%OOP/CHE
Domestic General Government Health Expenditure (GGHE-D) as % General Government Expenditure (GGE)9.5%GGHE-D/GGE
Gross Domestic Product (GDP), in constant (2020) US$ per capita11.1KGDP (USD)
Population (in thousands)13.5MPopulation
Incidence of Catastrophic Health Spending at 10% Threshold (SDG 3.8.2) Total1.2%Catastrophic Health Spending

In 2020 Rwanda spent 7% of its GDP and 9% of its total budget on health care. The government and donors contributed 28% and 36%, respectively, towards Rwanda’s current health expenditure (CHE). Although the health care budget allocation of 9% falls below the 15% Abuja threshold, Rwanda has made significant strides in reducing out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures from 27% in 2000 to 10% of CHE in 2020.

This achievement is attributed to the successful expansion of the community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes, which granted the majority of the population access to health care services. CBHI covers over 85% of the population. As of 2020, 91% of the Rwandan people had some kind of health insurance. This has helped to protect households against financial risks associated with illness. All data can be found in the Global Health Expenditure Database of he World Health Organization.