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Extract from the Country Profile Introduction: “Rwanda has made substantial gains in the health and welfare of its population over a relatively short period of time, including stand-out achievements on the Millennium Development Goals (see Table 1). Universal access to equitable and affordable quality health services for all Rwandans is the overall aim of the Government of Rwanda’s (GoR) Health Sector Policy. The priorities set forth in the Health Sector Policy are based on the development goals laid out in the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy and Rwanda’s Vision 2020. The Mutuelles de Santé/Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) scheme was developed to meet the needs of Rwandans outside of the formal sector, where access to and utilization of healthcare services had been historically very low. Beginning with pilots in 1999, and established as national policy in 2004, Rwanda quickly scaled CBHI across the country. Membership grew to 91% of the target population by 2010-11. Enrollment decreased in recent years, with a June 2015 estimate of 75% coverage, among those eligible for the scheme. The scheme features included strong public financial support (from GoR, development partners and other insurance providers) to allow the informal sector population access to the essential health care package. Rwanda’s ambitious target this fiscal year is 100% target population coverage”.

See attached documents for heath expenditure data 2015 and Health Insurance Growth.