The Political Economy of UHC Reform in Thailand: Lessons for Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Thailand achieved universal health coverage (UHC) with three public health insurance schemes in 2002.Link
Making UHC a reality
Thailand has achieved Universal Health Coverage in 2002 through a mixed source of financing. All Thai citizens can access to comprehensive health services covered under three public health insurance schemes: Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme, Social Security Scheme, and Universal Coverage Scheme.
Thailand drives UHC agenda at national and global level through Thai UHC alliance including Ministry of Public Health (national health authority), National Health Security Office (managing Universal Coverage Scheme), Thai Health Promotion Foundation (advocating health promotion ), National Health Commission Office, Thailand (formulating health policies through participatory engagement), and the International Health Policy Program (health policy and systems research institute) in cooperation with WHO Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS-Global Health Diplomacy in 2017-2021 and CCS-EnLIGHT in 2022-2026).
In addition,Thailand’s Ministry of Public Health, NHSO, and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) have joined collaborative work on ‘the Partnership Project for Global Health and Universal Health Coverage (GLO+UHC)’ to promote UHC and provide technical support to other countries in particular ASEAN countries.
P4H partnership potentials include strengthening the capacity of the countries planning to move towards UHC through Thailand’s experience and knowledge sharing, study visits, and cross-country research.