Viet Nam

One of the fastest growing economies in Asia, Viet Nam began its transition to a socialist-oriented market economy in 1986, following political and economic reforms known as Doi Moi. Since then, Viet Nam has been transformed from one of the poorest countries in the world to a thriving lower middle-income country. GDP per capita steadily increased from $US 423 in 1986 to $US 2,715 in 2019, and remarkable progress in poverty reduction has been achieved. In tandem with sustained economic growth and substantial declines in poverty, vast progress has been made towards improving the health of the Vietnamese population over the past few decades, with health outcomes advancing alongside rising living standards and improved access to health services

Viet Nam enshrined the right to health protection for all citizens in its Constitution in 1980. In 2017, the central committee of the Communist Party of Viet Nam set the objective to move towards the realization of universal health coverage and universal health insurance, and to guarantee equal rights and obligations of residents in participating in health insurance and enjoying health services. The Government has exceeded its 2020 target of 90.7 percent population coverage and the new Social Security 5-year plan 2021–2025 has since set the ambitious target to achieve 95 percent social health insurance (SHI) coverage by 2025.   

Despite the achievement of this goal, and particularly in the context of the Covid-19 economic crisis, out of pocket (OOP) health spending keeps increasing and inequities and coverage gaps persist, particularly among near poor groups, self-paying households, internal migrants and workers in informal employment, who comprise a large share of the workforce in Viet Nam.

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Some 400 health workers at state-owned hospitals and health facilities in HCM City have quit their jobs due to low income — VNA/VNS Photo Đan Phương

Hundreds of health workers in HCM City quit due to low pay

Credit: VSS

Vietnam Social Security: Ready for the pilot implementation of chip-based ID cards in medical treatment with health insurance

Hanoians queue up in front of a ward medical center in Hoang Mai District to get Covid recovery and other certificates needed to make social security claims on Feb. 28, 2022. Photo by VnExpress/Pham Chieu

Viet Nam: Covid patients struggle to get documents to make social insurance claim

Credit: VSS

Social security's digital transformation: putting people and businesses at the centre

Illustrative photo (Internet)

Health insurance fund control through medical technology assessment

Viet Nam’s COVID-19 fight costs over US$$3.2 billion

VSS speaking at the National Assembly meeting

Universal health insurance is a feasible, achievable goal

National UHC Dynamics Card Viet Nam

To overcome potential healthcare access deficits and the risk associated with catastrophic health expenditure, countries need to develop a sustainable system of social health protection, aligned with the SDG 3.8.2. The National UHC Dynamic Cards help to identify specific needs and gaps by presenting all relevant information on the UHC process in various countries. In this way, countries can learn from each other to achieve and maintain Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Click here to see the UHC process in Viet Nam.