Viet Nam

One of the fastest growing economies in Asia, Viet Nam began its transition to a socialist-oriented market economy in 1986, following political and economic reforms known as Doi Moi. Since then, Viet Nam has been transformed from one of the poorest countries in the world to a thriving lower middle-income country. GDP per capita steadily increased from $US 423 in 1986 to $US 2,715 in 2019, and remarkable progress in poverty reduction has been achieved. In tandem with sustained economic growth and substantial declines in poverty, vast progress has been made towards improving the health of the Vietnamese population over the past few decades, with health outcomes advancing alongside rising living standards and improved access to health services

Viet Nam enshrined the right to health protection for all citizens in its Constitution in 1980. In 2017, the central committee of the Communist Party of Viet Nam set the objective to move towards the realization of universal health coverage and universal health insurance, and to guarantee equal rights and obligations of residents in participating in health insurance and enjoying health services. The Government has exceeded its 2020 target of 90.7 percent population coverage and the new Social Security 5-year plan 2021–2025 has since set the ambitious target to achieve 95 percent social health insurance (SHI) coverage by 2025.   

Despite the achievement of this goal, and particularly in the context of the Covid-19 economic crisis, out of pocket (OOP) health spending keeps increasing and inequities and coverage gaps persist, particularly among near poor groups, self-paying households, internal migrants and workers in informal employment, who comprise a large share of the workforce in Viet Nam.

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Students get health check-up covered by health insurance in VIet Nam.Photo:

Indicator systems for monitoring and evaluation of the operation of Vietnam's social security industry

Covid-19 tests for all people coming from an epicentre. Photo:

An ideal public health model? Vietnam’s state-led, preventative, low-cost response to COVID-19

Role play in the training. Photo by Trung Mai/ILO

ILO-VSS co-organized training on customer care targeting Viet Nam's health and social insurance members

Intensive care for Covid-19 patients in Ho Chi Minh City. Photo by Department of Health of HCM City

The Government of Viet Nam specifies how Covid-19 related consultations and tests will be financed by the Health Insurance

Poor people receive charity good in HCMC, June 28, 2021. Photo by VnExpress/Quynh Tran.

Vietnam mulls another $1.13 bln pandemic support package

Vietnam Social Security ready for outpatient medical expense payment with capitation method from July 1

The 31-year-old pregnant woman has recovered from COVID-19 after receiving assistance from Vietnamese doctors. — Photo Vietnamplus

Vietnamese doctors help Laos fight COVID-19

National UHC Dynamics Card Viet Nam

To overcome potential healthcare access deficits and the risk associated with catastrophic health expenditure, countries need to develop a sustainable system of social health protection, aligned with the SDG 3.8.2. The National UHC Dynamic Cards help to identify specific needs and gaps by presenting all relevant information on the UHC process in various countries. In this way, countries can learn from each other to achieve and maintain Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Click here to see the UHC process in Viet Nam.