Pagoda in Battambang province. In 12 Cambodian provinces, pagodas contribute financial resources for community health care, particularly for enabling access to health care for vulnerable groups such as elderly people and people with disabilities.Photo: BJ

A typical house in a Siem Reap’s commune (which portrays the living conditions of rural households, mainly farmers). Photo: Eng Sothy Photography

Evening view of Phnom Penh city, the capital of Cambodia. Photo: Eng Sothy Photography

School children on a rainy day in Siem Reap province. Photo: Eng Sothy Photography


Cambodia is the P4H focal country in Southeast Asia. The main activities of the network focus on coordinating and aligning assistance by bi/multilateral development partners to the Cambodian government in support of health financing for universal health coverage. The P4H Network in Cambodia therefore promotes a country level partnership coordination mechanism through frequent exchange forums, updating a joint support plan and proactively informing development partners on new health financing initiatives. The key focuses of reform include social health protection through health equity funds, voluntary and compulsory health insurance, public financial management and effective and efficient service delivery models. To emphasise its focus on Cambodia, the local P4H network is termed P4HC+ with ‘C’ indicating Cambodia and the ‘+’ signalling that the current 16 partners encompass more than those that signed up to P4H at global level.

Cambodia actively engages in exchange platforms for Asian countries to facilitate policy and technical discussions on health financing and social protection reforms and best practices in the regional context and to learn from each other. During the last years, Cambodia has made great steps towards universal health coverage (UHC). The Health Equity Funds were nationwide expanded on cover about 3.2 million poor people, the National Social Security Fund’s (NSSF) social health insurance commenced operations for private sector employees and soon civil servants, and the Social Protection Policy was officially endorsed by the Prime Minister. The government and selected development partners pooled resources under the Health Equity and Quality Improvement Program (H-EQIP) that emphasises social health protection for UHC.

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To overcome potential healthcare access deficits and the risk associated with catastrophic health expenditure, countries need to develop a sustainable system of social health protection, aligned with the SDG 3.8.2. The National UHC Dynamic Cards help to identify specific needs and gaps by presenting all relevant information on the UHC process in various countries. In this way, countries can learn from each other to achieve and maintain Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Click here to see the UHC process in Cambodia.