Viet Nam

One of the fastest growing economies in Asia, Viet Nam began its transition to a socialist-oriented market economy in 1986, following political and economic reforms known as Doi Moi. Since then, Viet Nam has been transformed from one of the poorest countries in the world to a thriving lower middle-income country. GDP per capita steadily increased from $US 423 in 1986 to $US 2,715 in 2019, and remarkable progress in poverty reduction has been achieved. In tandem with sustained economic growth and substantial declines in poverty, vast progress has been made towards improving the health of the Vietnamese population over the past few decades, with health outcomes advancing alongside rising living standards and improved access to health services

Viet Nam enshrined the right to health protection for all citizens in its Constitution in 1980. In 2017, the central committee of the Communist Party of Viet Nam set the objective to move towards the realization of universal health coverage and universal health insurance, and to guarantee equal rights and obligations of residents in participating in health insurance and enjoying health services. The Government has exceeded its 2020 target of 90.7 percent population coverage and the new Social Security 5-year plan 2021–2025 has since set the ambitious target to achieve 95 percent social health insurance (SHI) coverage by 2025.   

Despite the achievement of this goal, and particularly in the context of the Covid-19 economic crisis, out of pocket (OOP) health spending keeps increasing and inequities and coverage gaps persist, particularly among near poor groups, self-paying households, internal migrants and workers in informal employment, who comprise a large share of the workforce in Viet Nam.

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Actualités par pays

Cre: VSS

Viet Nam Social Security News VSS to enhance customer care capacity

Source: Viet Nam Social Security

Viet Nam Social Security News VSS’ branches told to develop suitable solutions to increase health insurance participants

Worker in coffee farm. Source: ILO Viet Nam

Ensuring employees who lost jobs or quit jobs enjoy health care following health insurance scheme

Minister of Health Nguyen Thanh Long

Common ambitions emerging for more sustainable healthcare

Source: ILO, Ruom

Social Security policies to take effect in Viet Nam from July 1, 2021

Consultation workshop with international partners in Oct 2021

International consultation to orient the development strategy of Viet Nam Social Security to 2030

Role play as members of Social security to improve service quality. Photo by Trung Mai/ILO

Viet Nam Social Security staff trained to better understand and respond to health insurance members’ needs

National UHC Dynamics Card Viet Nam

To overcome potential healthcare access deficits and the risk associated with catastrophic health expenditure, countries need to develop a sustainable system of social health protection, aligned with the SDG 3.8.2. The National UHC Dynamic Cards help to identify specific needs and gaps by presenting all relevant information on the UHC process in various countries. In this way, countries can learn from each other to achieve and maintain Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Click here to see the UHC process in Viet Nam.