South Sudan gained independence in 2011, and in recent years the government has been working to transition from a focus on humanitarian relief to longer-term development of the health sector, as reflected in the Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP) 2017–2022. The HSSP prioritizes delivery of a basic package of health and nutrition services through PHC and financial protection for achieving universal health coverage (UHC). In December 2020, the South Sudan Ministry of Health presented priority challenges for scale up of PHC towards UHC to agencies in the global action plan. These included strengthening leadership and governance; health commodity and supply chain management; equitable service delivery; and community systems strengthening. Investment in PHC has been proven to be the most cost-effective way to attain UHC (WHO, 2018), as such South Sudan’s commitment to scale up PHC is the step in the right direction towards attaining UHC.
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