The Egyptian healthcare system has multiple stakeholders, including a wide range of public and private healthcare providers and several financing agents. This study sheds light on the healthcare system’s financing mechanisms and the flow of funds in Egypt. It also explores the expected challenges facing the system with upcoming changes.
The study results show that although total health expenditure (THE) as an absolute number is increasing, THE as a percentage of GDP is declining. Egyptian healthcare is largely financed by out-of-pocket expenditures, although a shift toward more public spending is expected when Universal Health Insurance is implemented.